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解讀澳洲朗頓評級系統

來源 :鴻玖文化 作者 :主頁菌 瀏覽量:8621
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Langton’s是澳洲規模最大的葡萄酒拍賣公司,一年拍賣的葡萄酒超過10萬批次,而其公告的拍賣價格及Wine Index(葡萄酒指數)也成為消費者及其他拍賣公司重要的參考指標。在澳大利亞,Langton’s拍賣行以其定期承辦的“澳洲葡萄酒品分類展”、年度奔富(Penfold’s)拍賣會以及網上諸多拍賣活動而眾所周知,并為澳洲中高端葡萄酒市場的發展做出了重要的貢獻。

Langton’s 澳大利亞葡萄酒分級”展示了在澳大利亞新興的葡萄酒拍賣市場上最突出表現的佳釀。能被列入該分級的最重要的衡量標準是至少有10個年份并在拍賣市場上有連續的記錄。根據拍賣價格、記錄、需求量及名聲,分級包括四個級別:

Distinguished-優秀

Excellent-高級

Outstanding-特級

Exceptional-頂級

Langton’s 每五年編訂的Classification of Australian Wine一直是葡萄酒迷很重視的購酒參考指南,該系統自1991年第一次發布,基本上是每5年更新一次。下面是到目前的5次評選和入選酒的數量。其中每次入選的量都有所增加。

1991 Classification (I)-34 Wines

1996 Classification (II)-64 Wines

2000 Classification (III)-89 Wines

2005 Classification (IV)-101 Wines

2010 Classification (V)-123 Wines

南澳是優質葡萄酒的主要產地

南澳:Exceptional-頂級5款、Outstanding-特級14款、Excellent-高級20款、Distinguished-優秀14款,合計53款,占到澳洲優質葡萄酒的52.48%。

維多利亞:Exceptional-頂級3款、Outstanding-特級5款、Excellent-高級8款、Distinguished-優秀13款,合計29款,占到澳洲優質葡萄酒的28.71%。

西澳:Exceptional-頂級3款、Outstanding-特級1款、Excellent-高級3款、Distinguished-優秀4款,合計11款,占到澳洲優質葡萄酒的10.89%。

新南威爾士:Exceptional-頂級0款、Outstanding-特級1款、Excellent-高級3款、Distinguished-優秀2款,合計6款,占到澳洲優質葡萄酒的5.94%。

由于不少中國的葡萄酒愛好者們在買酒時都很習慣的重視產地,很顯然,來自澳洲南澳的葡萄酒會更為靠譜。不過,由于西澳的產量不大,酒廠也不多,所以其實際的優質比例很可能也很高,尤其是出自瑪格麗特河谷地區的葡萄酒。但是就澳洲全境來看,澳大利亞各地的優質葡萄酒分布極度不均衡,南澳依然是優秀葡萄酒的主要產地。

設拉子仍然時澳洲的代表

澳洲的葡萄酒在經過了幾十年的品質提升之后,在品種上已經非常的豐富。但是,從”Langton’s評級系統的統計中還是可以看出,西拉/設拉子的地位無法動搖。同時長期躲在西拉陰影下的赤霞珠也正在奮發圖強。而曾經被大家寄予厚望的長相思還不太成熟,在101款優質葡萄酒的清單上還沒有她的影子。

西拉/設拉子:Exceptional-頂級4款、Outstanding-特級14款、Excellent-高級16款、Distinguished-優秀14款。

赤霞珠:Exceptional-頂級2款、Outstanding-特級3款、Excellent-高級10款、Distinguished-優秀13款。

紅葡萄酒仍是澳洲優質葡萄酒的主流

盡管澳洲不少地區氣候炎熱,但是清爽的白葡萄酒似乎還沒有成為優質葡萄酒的主流。在101款葡萄酒中,白葡萄酒共有14款,比例為13.86%。霞多麗仍然很強悍,在入選14款白酒中,獨占7款。另外的兩個流行品種是雷司令和賽美隆,其中的雷司令非常的有澳洲的特點。

經過上面對于”Langton’s的數字分析,澳洲優質葡萄酒的版圖一目了然:奔富是最有實力的品牌,南澳可能是最好的產區,西拉是澳洲葡萄品種的代表。有了這三條基本結論,挑選澳洲優質葡萄酒時,應該是信心滿懷了。

2010年澳大利亞朗頓分級酒單

第五版朗頓分級入選的酒款較2005年的第四版一口氣增加了22款,其中大家最關心的Exceptional等級也增加至17款。而原有的11款并沒有任何一款掉出榜外,新增的6款包括Brokenwood Graveyard Vineyard、Chris Ringland Shiraz、Clarendon Hills Astralis、Clonakilla Shiraz Viognier、Grosset Polish Hill、Torbreck RunRig 等,基本上也算實至名歸。

Exceptional 頂級(17 wines)

PENFOLDS Bin 95 Grange Shiraz South Australia

BASS PHILLIP Reserve Pinot Noir South Gippsland Victoria

BROKENWOOD WINES Graveyard Vineyard Shiraz Hunter Valley

CHRIS RINGLAND Shiraz Barossa South Australia

CLARENDON HILLS Astralis Syrah McLaren Vale South Australia

CLONAKILLA Shiraz Viognier Canberra District New South Wales

CULLEN Diana Madeline Cabernet Merlot Margaret River Western Australia

GIACONDA Chardonnay Beechworth Victoria

GROSSET Polish Hill Riesling Clare Valley South Australia

HENSCHKE Hill of Grace Shiraz Eden Valley South Australia

LEEUWIN ESTATE Art Series Chardonnay Margaret River Western Australia

MOSS WOOD Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

MOUNT MARY Quintet Cabernet Blend Yarra Valley Victoria

PENFOLDS Bin 707 Cabernet Sauvignon South Australia

ROCKFORD Basket Press Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

TORBRECK RunRig Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

WENDOUREE Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

Outstanding 特級(32 wines)

BALNAVES OF COONAWARRA The Tally Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon

BAROSSA VALLEY ESTATE E & E Black Pepper Shiraz Barossa Valley

BASS PHILLIP Premium Pinot Noir South Gippsland Victoria

BEST’S Thomson Family Great Western Shiraz Grampians Victoria

BINDI Block 5 Pinot Noir Macedon Ranges Victoria

d’ARENBERG The Dead Arm Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

DALWHINNIE The Eagle Shiraz Pyrenees Victoria

DE BORTOLI Noble One Botrytis Semillon Riverina New South Wales

GRANT BURGE Meshach Shiraz Barossa South Australia

GREENOCK CREEK Roennfeldt Road Cabernet Sauvignon Barossa Valley

GREENOCK CREEK Roennfeldt Road Shiraz Barossa Valley

GROSSET Springvale Riesling Watervale South Australia

HARDY’S Eileen Hardy Shiraz South Australia

HENSCHKE Mount Edelstone Shiraz Eden Valley South Australia

JASPER HILL Emily’s Paddock Shiraz Cabernet Franc Heathcote Victoria

JASPER HILL Georgia’s Paddock Shiraz Heathcote Victoria

JIM BARRY The Armagh Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

KAESLER WINES Old Bastard Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

KATNOOK ESTATE Odyssey Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

KAY BROTHERS AMERY VINEYARDS Block 6 Old Vine Shiraz McLaren Vale

MAJELLA The Malleea Cabernet Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

MCWILLIAM’S Mount Pleasant Lovedale Semillon Hunter Valley

MOUNT MARY Pinot Noir Yarra Valley Victoria

NOON Reserve Shiraz Langhorne Creek SA

PENFOLDS Bin 389 Cabernet Shiraz South Australia

PENFOLDS St. Henri Shiraz South Australia

PIERRO Chardonnay Margaret River Western Australia

TAHBILK 1860 Vines Shiraz Nagambie Lakes Victoria

TYRRELL’S Vat 1 Semillon Hunter Valley New South Wales

WENDOUREE Cabernet Sauvignon Clare Valley South Australia

WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE John Riddoch Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra

YALUMBA The Octavius Old Vine Shiraz Barossa South Australia

Excellent 高級(36 Wines)

BANNOCKBURN Serre Pinot Noir Geelong Victoria

BEST’S Bin No.O Great Western Shiraz Grampians Victoria

BINDI Original Vineyard Pinot Noir Macedon Ranges Victoria

CAPE MENTELLE Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

CORIOLE Lloyd Reserve Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

CRAIGLEE Shiraz Sunbury Victoria

DALWHINNIE Moonambel Shiraz Pyrenees Victoria

DOMAINE A Cabernet Sauvignon Coal River Valley Tasmania

ELDERTON Command Single Vineyard Shiraz Barossa Valley

FOX CREEK Reserve Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

GIACONDA Warner Vineyard Shiraz Beechworth Victoria

HENSCHKE Cyril Henschke Cabernet Sauvignon Eden Valley South Australia

HOUGHTON Jack Mann Cabernet Frankland River Great Southern

HOWARD PARK Abercrombie Cabernet Great Southern-Margaret River WA

KATNOOK ESTATE Prodigy Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

LAKE’S FOLLY White Label Cabernet Blend Hunter Valley New South Wales

LEO BURING Leonay Riesling Eden/Watervale South Australia

MAIN RIDGE ESTATE Half Acre Pinot Noir Mornington Peninsula Victoria

MOUNT MARY Chardonnay Yarra Valley Victoria

NOON Reserve Cabernet Langhorne Creek South Australia

PARINGA ESTATE The Paringa Single Vineyard Pinot Noir Mornington Peninsula

PARKER COONAWARRA ESTATE Terra Rossa First Growth Cabernet Merlot

PENFOLDS Magill Estate Shiraz Adelaide South Australia

PENFOLDS RWT Shiraz Barossa South Australia

PETALUMA Coonawarra Coonawarra South Australia

PETER LEHMANN Stonewell Shiraz Barossa South Australia

SEPPELT St Peters Great Western Vineyards Shiraz Grampians Victoria

ST HALLETT Old Block Shiraz Barossa South Australia

TORBRECK Descendant Shiraz Viognier Barossa Valley South Australia

VASSE FELIX Heytesbury Cabernet Blend Margaret River Western Australia

WENDOUREE Cabernet Malbec Clare Valley South Australia

WENDOUREE Shiraz Malbec Clare Valley South Australia

WENDOUREE Shiraz Mataro Clare Valley South Australia

WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

YARRA YERING Dry Red Wine No.1 Cabernet Yarra Valley Victoria

YERINGBERG Cabernet Blend Yarra Valley Victoria

Distinguished 優秀(38 wines)

BOWEN ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

CASTAGNA Genesis Syrah Beechworth Victoria

CHARLES MELTON Nine Popes Shiraz Grenache Mourvedre Barossa Valley SA

COLDSTREAM HILLS Reserve Pinot Noir Yarra Valley Victoria

CRAWFORD RIVER WINES Riesling Henty Victoria

d’ARENBERG WINES The Coppermine Road Cabernet Sauvignon McLaren Vale SA

FREYCINET VINEYARD Pinot Noir East Coast Tasmania

JACOB’S CREEK St. Hugo Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

KATNOOK ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Coonawarra South Australia

KILIKANOON Oracle Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

LEEUWIN ESTATE Art Series Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River

LINDEMANS Limestone Ridge Vineyard Shiraz Cabernet Coonawarra

MAJELLA Cabernet Coonawarra South Australia

MCWILLIAM’S Mount Pleasant Maurice O’Shea Shiraz Hunter Valley

MOUNT LANGI GHIRAN Langi Shiraz Grampians Victoria

PARINGA ESTATE The Paringa Single Vineyard Shiraz Mornington Peninsula

PENFOLDS Bin 28 Kalimna Shiraz South Australia

PENFOLDS Bin 128 Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

PENFOLDS Bin 407 Cabernet Sauvignon South Australia

PETALUMA Hanlin Hill Riesling Clare Valley South Australia

PEWSEY VALE The Contours Riesling Eden Valley South Australia

ROLF BINDER Veritas Hanisch Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

SALLY’S PADDOCK Redbank Winery Cabernet Shiraz Cab Franc Merlot Pyrenees

SAVATERRE Chardonnay Beechworth Victoria

TIM ADAMS The Aberfeldy Shiraz Clare Valley South Australia

TURKEY FLAT Shiraz Barossa Valley South Australia

TYRRELL’S Vat 47 Chardonnay Hunter Valley New South Wales

VASSE FELIX Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

VOYAGER ESTATE Cabernet Sauvignon Merlot Margaret River Western Australia

WANTIRNA ESTATE Amelia Cabernet Merlot Yarra Valley Victoria

WILD DUCK CREEK ESTATE Springflat Shiraz Heathcote Victoria

WIRRA WIRRA RSW Shiraz McLaren Vale South Australia

WOLF BLASS Black Label South Australia

WOLF BLASS Platinum Label Shiraz South Australia

WOODLANDS Cabernet Sauvignon Margaret River Western Australia

WYNNS COONAWARRA ESTATE Michael Shiraz Coonawarra South Australia

YALUMBA The Signature Cabernet Shiraz Barossa South Australia

YARRA YARRA VINEYARD The Yarra Yarra Reserve Cabernet Sauvignon Yarra Valley

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